The Story Of Village Palampur Class 9th Economics CBSE Solution

The Story Of Village Palampur Class 9th Economics CBSE Solution
Let's Discuss Pg-3
  1. The following table 1.1 shows the land under cultivation in India in units of million…
  2. Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?
  3. You have read about the crops grown in Palampur. Fill the following table based on…
Let's Discuss Pg-5
  1. What is the difference between multiple cropping and modern farming methods?…
  2. The following table shows the production of wheat and pulses in India after the Green…
  3. What is the working capital required by the farmer using modern farming methods?…
  4. Modern farming methods require the farmer to start with more cash than before. Why?…
Let's Discuss Pg-7
  1. In the picture 1.5 given below, can you shade the land cultivated by the small farmers?…
  2. Would you agree that the distribution of cultivated land is unequal in Palampur? Do you…
  3. Why do so many families of farmers cultivate such small plots of land ?…
  4. The distribution of farmers in India and the amount of land they cultivate is given in the…
  5. Identify the work being done on the field in the pictures (given below) and arrange them…
Let's Discuss Pg-9
  1. Why are farm labourers like Dala and Ramkali poor?
  2. Gosaipur and Majauli are two villages in north Bihar. Out of a total of 850 households in…
Let's Discuss Pg-11
  1. Compare the production of wheat by the three farmers over 3 years.…
  2. Let us take three farmers. Each has grown wheat on his field, though the production is…
  3. What happens to farmer-3 in year 3? Can he continue production? What will he have to do to…
Let's Discuss Pg-12
  1. Mishrilal has purchased a mechanical sugarcane crushing machine run on electricity and has…
  2. Kareem has opened a computer class centre in the village. In recent years, a large number…
Let's Discuss Pg-13
  1. Read the following descriptions and answer the questions that follow:Kishora is a farm…
Exercise
  1. Every village in India is surveyed once in ten years during the Census some of details are…
  2. Modern farming methods require more inputs which are manufactured in industry. Do you…
  3. How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur?
  4. Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?
  5. Construct a table on the distribution of land among 450 families of Palampur.…
  6. Why are the wages for farm labourers in Palampur less than minimum wages?…
  7. In your region, talk to two labourers. Choose either farm labourers or labourers working…
  8. What are the different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land? Use…
  9. Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.
  10. How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from…
  11. On what terms did Savita get a loan from Tejpal Singh? Would Savitas condition would be…
  12. Talk to some old residents in your region and write a short report on the changes in…
  13. What are the non-farm production activities taking place in your region? Make a short…
  14. What can be done so that more non-farm production activities can be started in villages?…

Let's Discuss Pg-3
Question 1.

The following table 1.1 shows the land under cultivation in India in units of million hectares. Plot this on the graph, provided. What does the graph show? Discuss in the class.

Table 1.1: Cultivated area over the years


Answer:


The graph shows that the cultivated area increased regularly till 1970 and became constant for the next four decades. There was some increase between 2000 and 2010 but then again stagnated.



Question 2.

Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?


Answer:

Yes, it is important to increase the area under irrigation because the increase in area under irrigation will be helpful for more and more production which will help to feed the rising population of India.



Question 3.

You have read about the crops grown in Palampur. Fill the following table based on information on the crops grown in your region.


Answer:





Let's Discuss Pg-5
Question 1.

What is the difference between multiple cropping and modern farming methods?


Answer:

Difference between multiple cropping and modern farming methods:



Question 2.

The following table shows the production of wheat and pulses in India after the Green Revolution in units of million tones. Plot this on a graph. Was the Green Revolution equally successful for both the crops? Discuss.

Production of pulses and wheat


Answer:


For both crops, Green Revolution was not equally successful. We can look at the graph and analyse that in 1965-66, the production of both crops was 10 million tonnes, but after a long gap of 35 years in 2000-01, production of pulses raised to 11 million tonnes and the other crop wheat’s production raised to 70 million tonnes. So it can be said that Green revolution has seen more success in the production of wheat.



Question 3.

What is the working capital required by the farmer using modern farming methods?


Answer:

HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, diesel, insecticides and pesticides are required working capital by the farmer using modern farming methods.



Question 4.

Modern farming methods require the farmer to start with more cash than before. Why?


Answer:

The working capital is more in case of modern farming because one needs to employ costly farming techniques and the costs of the modern fertilizers, other chemicals and seeds are also higher than the conventional equipments.




Let's Discuss Pg-7
Question 1.

In the picture 1.5 given below, can you shade the land cultivated by the small farmers?



Answer:

We all know that land is very important for farming. But the sad truth is that not all the people engaged in agriculture have sufficient land for cultivation. In Palampur village about one third of the 450 families are landless, i.e. 150 families, most of them Dalits, have no land for cultivation. Remaining families who own land, 240 families cultivate small plots of land less than 2 hectares in size. This small plot doesn’t bring sufficient income to the farmer family. So, when we look at the picture, it can be seen that around 50 families cultivate on the land which is less than 2 hectares in size.



Question 2.

Would you agree that the distribution of cultivated land is unequal in Palampur? Do you find a similar situation for India? Explain.


Answer:

Yes, we do agree that the distribution is unequal of cultivated lands in Palampur. In Palampur 240 families cultivate small plots of land which is less than 2 hectares in size and on the side there are 60 families who cultivate more than 2 hectares of land. There are few farmers who have land extending over 10 hectares or more. The number of the big farmers is very less while their lands are about half of the total available. This disparity is in accordance with the trends shown at the national level.



Question 3.

Why do so many families of farmers cultivate such small plots of land ?


Answer:

So many families cultivate such small plots of land because of the division and sub-division of the same land. Existing land is divided among family members continuously and as a result each member of the family gets smaller plot of the land.



Question 4.

The distribution of farmers in India and the amount of land they cultivate is given in the following graph. Discuss in the class-room.



Answer:

On looking at pie chart, we can observe that in India there are 15 % farmers who have farms less than 2 hectares, these farmers cultivate 55.4% of total cultivated area. On the other side 85% of the total farmers have farms of more than 2 hectares and they cultivate only 44.6% of total cultivated area.



Question 5.

Identify the work being done on the field in the pictures (given below) and arrange them in a proper sequence.