Sectors Of The Indian Economy Class 10th Understanding Economic Development CBSE Solution

Class 10th Understanding Economic Development CBSE Solution
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  1. Complete the given table to show how sectors are dependent on each other. EXAMPLE WHAT…
  2. Explain the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary sectors using examples…
  3. Classify the following list of occupations under primary, secondary and tertiary sectors:…
  4. Students in a school are often classified into primary and secondary or junior and senior.…
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  1. What does the history of developed countries indicate about the shifts that have taken…
  2. Correct and arrange the important aspects for calculating GDP from this jumble. To count…
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  1. Answer the following questions by looking at the graph(i) Which was the largest producing…
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  1. Complete the above table to show how sectors are dependent on each other.…
  2. Choose the correct answer: Underemployment occurs when people:A. Do not want to work B.…
  3. Compare and contrast the changes in India with the pattern that was observed for developed…
  4. Why should we be worried about underemployment?
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  1. Why do you think NREGA 2005 is referred to as Right to Work?
  2. Imagine that you are the village head. In that capacity suggest some activities that you…
  3. How would income and employment increase of farmers were provided with irrigation and…
  4. In what ways can employment be increased in urban areas?
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  1. Look at the following examples. Which of these are unorganized sector activities? (i) A…
  2. Talk to someone who has a regular job in the organized sector and another who works in the…
  3. How would you distinguish between organized and unorganized sectors? Explain in your own…
  4. The table below shows the estimated number of workers in India in the organized and…
Exercises
  1. Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket: (i) Employment in the…
  2. The sectors are classified into public and private sectors on the basis of: Choose the…
  3. GDP is the total value of_______ produced during a particular year. Choose the most…
  4. In terms of GDP the share of tertiary sector in 2003 is _____ Choose the most appropriate…
  5. Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in _____…
  6. Match the following: Problems faced by farming sector Some possible measures 1.…
  7. Find the odd one out and say why. (i) Tourist guide, dhobi, tailor, potter (ii) Teacher,…
  8. A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the…
  9. Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and…
  10. For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why one should focus on…
  11. Make a long list of all kinds of all kinds of work that you find adults around you doing…
  12. How is Tertiary sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.…
  13. What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with an example each from the…
  14. Distinguish between open unemployment and disguised unemployment.…
  15. Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy.…
  16. Service sector in India employs two different kinds of people. Who are these?…
  17. Workers are exploited in the unorganized sector. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons…
  18. How are the activities in the economy classified on the basis of employment conditions?…
  19. Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organized and unorganized sectors.…
  20. Explain the objective of implementing the NREGA 2005.
  21. Using examples from your area compare and contrast the activities and functions of private…
  22. Discuss and fill the following table giving one example each from your area.…
  23. Give a few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government has taken…
  24. Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation.…
  25. The workers in the unorganized sector need protection on the following issues: wages,…
  26. A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15, 00, 000 workers in the city, 11, 00, 000 worked…
  27. The following gives the GDP I rupees (Crore) by the three sectors: Year Primary Secondary…

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Question 1.

Complete the given table to show how sectors are dependent on each other.


Answer:  
Question 2.

Explain the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary sectors using examples other than those mentioned in the text.


Answer:

The difference between different types of sectors is as follows:

 
Question 3.

Classify the following list of occupations under primary, secondary and tertiary sectors:

● Tailor

● Workers in match factory

● Basket weaver

● Money lender

● Flower cultivator

● Gardener

● Milk vendor

● Potter

● Fishermen

● Bee-keeper

● Priest

● Astronaut

● Courier

● Call centre employee


Answer:

Above mentioned occupations are categorized as follows…



Question 4.

Students in a school are often classified into primary and secondary or junior and senior. What is the criterion that is used? Do you think this is a useful classification? Discuss.


Answer:

Students in a school are often classified into primary and secondary or junior and senior. This is the criteria which are used to easily identify the standard of a student, whether to identify the standard of a student or to know about his nature towards other students and teachers or to know the students’ knowledge. So these are the few basics on which students are classified into different categories or classes. There is no any kind of Casteism it’s just the way to know which student is senior or junior which is average, which is topper or which one is at the low level.

And yes, in my opinion this kind of classification is useful as it is not possible to classify them all on the basis of their age.




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Question 1.

What does the history of developed countries indicate about the shifts that have taken place between sectors?


Answer:

The history of developed countries indicate about the shifts that have taken place between sectors that from then to now there has been a major shift from the secondary sector which means manufacturing industries to the tertiary sector or service sector, which has become the most important sector of the country’s economy and most number of people are employed in this sector in the developed countries which means a lot of changes can be noticed if we look up at history once.



Question 2.

Correct and arrange the important aspects for calculating GDP from this jumble.

To count goods and services we add the numbers that are produced.

We count all those that were produced in the last five years.

Since we shouldn’t leave out anything we add up all these goods and services.


Answer:

We count the value of all the final goods and services that were produced in a particular year. Gross domestic product itself shows that what is the flow of goods and services in a financial year in an economy. And to calculate GDP it’s necessary to count all the final goods and services which are produced in a particular year.




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Question 1.

Answer the following questions by looking at the graph



(i) Which was the largest producing sector in 1971-72?

(ii) Which is the largest producing sector in 2011-12?

(iii) Can you say which sector has grown the most over, forty years?

(iv) What was the GDP of India in 2011-12?


Answer:

(i) In 1971-72 the largest producing sector was primary sector.

(ii) In 2011-12 the largest producing sector is tertiary sector.


(iii) The tertiary sector has grown the most over forty years.


(iv) The total GDP of India in 2011-12 was 2,10,000 crore rupees.




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Question 1.

Complete the table using the data given in Graphs 2 and 3 answer the question that follows.


What are the changes that you observe in the primary sector over a span of thirty years?


Answer:

Graph 2: Share of Sectors in GDP (%)

From the table it can be noticed that the share in GDP has reduced drastically from 40% to 12%, as it was 40% in 1971-72 then it increased 9% in 1972-73 and in 2011-12 it has become 12% only. And the share in employment was 0% in 1971-72 and in 1972-73 it has increased upto 74% after that in 2011-12 again it reduced and came down as it remained 49% only.


Question 2.

Choose the correct answer:

Underemployment occurs when people:
A. Do not want to work

B. Are working in a lazy manner

C. Are working less than what they are capable of doing

D. Are not paid for their work


Answer:

It is very clear that underemployment occurs when various people are working less than what they are capable of doing. It is also known as hidden unemployment because of no job opportunities people are unable to find the other job and the place where they are working is already full of employees so there is no need of other employees still these people who don’t have any other works are engaged in this.


Question 3.

Compare and contrast the changes in India with the pattern that was observed for developed countries. What kinds of changes between sectors were desired but did not happen in India?


Answer:

Secondary and tertiary sectors are increasing at a rapid speed and especially tertiary sector is increasing and its contribution in developing the economy of our country has been more always. It renders many job opportunities so that people are able to earn their livelihood. If India wants to become a strong industrialized nation then not the growth of only tertiary sector but all sectors must be grown at equal rate so that it can work properly for a better and bright economy.



Question 4.

Why should we be worried about underemployment?


Answer:

We should be worried about unemployment because if there is no job then how will people survive. Our nation will become poorer and will never be grown at any cost. It is said that if we want a strong and bright future then base must be strong and hard so that no can harm it any cost. So, if there is no employment then how will people be able to get the education and how will they serve their economy and besides this there are many more reasons that we must be worried about unemployment. Only because of employment a person is able to serve and survive without this nothing will be possible.




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Question 1.

Why do you think NREGA 2005 is referred to as ‘Right to Work’?


Answer:

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 was launched by the government to provide job opportunities so that people might be able to earn their livelihood. It guarantees at least 100 days work for one member of each family. This program fulfills one of the fundamental rights as per the Constitution and the right is ‘Right to work’.

Every citizen of a country has the right to work and if government is unable to provide more and more job opportunities then it will have to pay daily wages especially to those sections of society who are impoverished. This is why this programme is called ‘Right to Work’.


Question 2.

Imagine that you are the village head. In that capacity suggest some activities that you think should be taken up under this Act that would also increase the income of people? Discuss.


Answer:

Activities are as follows..

(i) Water conservation and water harvesting is the most important things that must be included under this Act.


(ii) To stop the problem of drought tube wells must be dug.


(iii) To irrigate the canals for crops irrigation panels must be set up.


(iv) To make provision of irrigation facility on the lands of SCs and STs and others.


(v) Renovation of traditional water bodies like tanks.


(vi) Land must be developed for agriculture and horticulture.


(vii) To control flood and to protect from any such disasters check dams must be constructed.


(viii) To improve rural connectivity and to provide all weather access to the villages roads must be constructed.



Question 3.

How would income and employment increase of farmers were provided with irrigation and marketing facilities?


Answer:

(i) All the farmers require transporting their products to a nearby town for sales and if the government invests money in transportation and storage of crops or for the betterment of rural roads so that mini trucks and other vehicles can reach everywhere.

(ii) If any dam is constructed and canals are dug to solve the issue of irrigation then the agricultural land could lead to a lot of employment generation within the agricultural sector itself.



Question 4.

In what ways can employment be increased in urban areas?


Answer:

To increase the employment opportunities in urban areas:

(i) It is necessary to invest in the basic industries so that more and more people should be employed.


(ii) To improve the local and inter city transportation which will increase the number of people working in the transportation industry.


(iii) Increasing of vocational education courses which will increase the job opportunities in other ways also due to which people can easily educate themselves for the vocation jobs.


(iv) By giving incentives the capacity of industry in the urban areas employment opportunities can be increased.




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Question 1.

Look at the following examples. Which of these are unorganized sector activities?

(i) A teacher taking classes in a school.

(ii) A head load worker carrying a bag of cement on his back in a market.

(iii) A farmer irrigating her field.

(iv) A doctor in a hospital treating a patient.

(v) A daily wage labourer working under a contractor.

(vi) A factory worker going to work in a big factory.

(vii) A handloom weaver working in her house.


Answer:

Unorganized Sector’s example is as follows..

(ii) A head load worker carrying a bag of cement on his back in a market.


(iii) A farmer irrigating her field.


(v) A daily wage labourer working under a contractor.


(vii) A handloom weaver working in her house.



Question 2.

Talk to someone who has a regular job in the organized sector and another who works in the unorganized sector. Compare and contrast their working conditions in all aspects.


Answer:

The comparison of Working Conditions in the Organized and Unorganized Sectors is as follows: