Q. 3. A. Read the following extract and answer the question given below: (11 marks)

1. What is the above extract about?

Ans. The above extract is about the occurring of floods in India. Floods are the most occurring natural calamity in India which bring about destruction of life and property.

2. How do floods adversely affect India?

Ans. In India, Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1, 700 lives lost annually and also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock. On an average, 7.21 million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3.78 million hectare of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crore annually.

3. Why is it not possible to provide absolute protection to all flood - prone areas?

Ans. It is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood - prone areas because such an attempt will neither be practical not economically viable.

4. How would you help the flood affected people?

Ans. We can help the flood - affected people by organizing a fun collection drive. We can also collect food items and clothings to be sent to the flood affected areas.

5. Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:

(i) The floods of 1978 were the most destructive. (Change the sentence into the ‘positive degree’. )

Ans. No other floods were as destructive as the floods of 1978.

Ii. Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity hitting India almost every year. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans. Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity which hit India almost every year.


Floods which hit India almost every year, are the most recurrent natural calamity.

(iii) Floods have been far more destructive. (Rewrite the sentence using the simple present tense).

Ans. Floods are far more destructive.

6. Give the meaning of

(i) entire (ii) calamity

Ans. (i) entire = whole / complete

(ii) calamity = disaster / danger.