Write short notes on Chapter 1: Historiography - Development in the West. 2. Dialectics

Write short notes on 

Chapter 1: Historiography - Development in the West.

2. Dialectics

Ans. I. The method of analysis of history based on opposites, as presented by the German Philosopher Georg. Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is known as ‘Dialectics’. 

Ii. Hegel proposed that human mind can grasp any event only after understanding its meaning in terms of two direct opposites. For e.g. True - False, Good - Bad, etc. 

Iii. According to this method, a theory is proposed at the beginning, which is called, ‘Thesis’ followed by another theory contrary to the thesis, called the ‘Antithesis’. 

Iv. A new thesis is then proposed, after a thorough logical discussion, which includes the gist of both the thesis and antithesis. This process of arriving at the new thesis is called, ‘Synthesis’. 

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