Write a short note on the following. Techniques of scientific management.

Write a short note on the following.

Techniques of scientific management.

ANSWER:

The following are some of the techniques of scientific management:

i. Standardisation of work - Standardisation of work implies setting a milestone or benchmark for any work or activity. It aims at establishing standards of excellence against which actual performance can be measured.

ii. Time study - In this technique, Taylor emphasised setting a standard time limit for completing any particular job. With the help of time-measuring tools, considerable readings can be taken of the time taken to complete a task. On the basis of this, a standard time limit can be set for each task.

iii. Motion study - As the name suggests, motion study refers to the study of motion (movements) involved while doing a task. The technique aims at removing unwanted actions/motions so that the work can be completed in a lesser time.

iv. Different piece rate plan - Under this system, workers should be classified as efficient or inefficient on the basis of certain specific standards (related to quality and quantity) and the payments should be given accordingly.

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