State whether the following statements are True or False. 3. Credit money is created by the central bank of a country.

State whether the following statements are True or False.
3. Credit money is created by the central bank of a country.
Answer: 
Credit money is created by the central bank of a country. – False

Explanation:

The above statement is false. Credit is created by the commercial banks of a country. People deposit their money with the commercial banks. A portion of these deposits (after keeping the reserves) is then further lent out to the general public as loans. The money spent  by the borrowers again come back to the bank in the form of deposits (if it is assumed that all transactions are routed through banks). The banks keep a portion of the deposits with them and lent the rest and so on. In this way the commercial banks create credit.

Note that as the central bank does not accepts deposits and lends to the general public, it cannot create credit.

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