Select the proper option from the options given below and rewrite completed Sentences. Chapter 6 - Principles Of Management

Chapter 6 - Principles Of Management

Organisation Of Commerce Management Solutions for Class 12 Commerce Business studies

Select the proper option from the options given below and rewrite completed Sentences.

14 principles of management are developed by ________.

(a) F.W. Taylor
(b) Henry Fayol
(c) Peter Drucker

ANSWER: Correct option-b

14 principles of management are developed by Henry Fayol.

Explanation-

On the basis of his experience, observations and experiments in the field of management, Fayol developed 14 principles of management and published them in his book ‘General and Industrial Administration’.

Management principles influence ________.

(a) human behaviour
(b) organisation
(c) government

ANSWER: Correct option-a

Management principles influence human behaviour.

Explanation-

Management comprises of humans, and management principles are the rules that govern the working of any management. Thus, management principles are said to influence human behaviour.

Concentration of power of authority is stated in the principle of ________.

(a) Centralisation
(b) Remuneration
(c) Equity

ANSWER: Correct option-a

Concentration of power of authority is stated in the principles of Centralisation.

Explanation-

Centralisation implies that the power is concentrated in the hands of the people in top management only. In other words, only few people in the organisation have the power or authority to take decisions; the others are expected to follow them.

According to the principle of  ________ all employees should be given same treatment.

(a) Authority
(b) Discipline
(c) Equity.

ANSWER: Correct option-c

According to the principles of equity, all employees should be given same treatment.

Explanation-

The principle of equity states that fair treatment should be given to each of the subordinates by the superiors in any organisation. For example, people doing similar work should be given equal salary.

Technique of study of ________ concentrates on the body movements of the worker.
(a) Motion
(b) Time
(c) Organisation

ANSWER: Correct option-a

The technique of the study of motion concentrates on the body movements of a worker.

Explanation-

Motion study is a technique of scientific management in which body movements of employees are closely observed. It involves identification of the movements that are essential for the performance of various tasks. The study aims to eliminate unproductive movements.

F.W. Taylor is called as the father of ________ management.
(a) Modern
(b) Scientific
(c) Technical
ANSWER: Correct option-b

F.W. Taylor is known as the “father of scientific management”.

Explanation-

Taylor developed certain principles based on scientific management that have now gained acceptance in the world over. Since he introduced a scientific approach to management, he is regarded as the “father of scientific management”.

Principle that focuses on complete change in the attitude of the employees is known as the principle of ________.
(a) attitude change
(b) scientific management
(c) mental revolution.

ANSWER: Correct option-c

The principle that focuses a complete change in the attitude of the employees is known as the principle of mental revolution.

Explanation-

This principle emphasizes on the need to change the attitude of workers and managers. According to the principle, workers and their managers should reform their thinking and each of them should realise the importance of others while working towards the accomplishment of organisational goals.

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