Chapter 6 - Principles Of Management: Write a word or phrase or a term which can substitute each one of the following.

Write a word or phrase or a term which can substitute each one of the following.

Father of modern management.

ANSWER:

Father of modern management: Henry Fayol

Explanation-

Henry Fayol is regarded as the “father of modern management”. He developed 14 principles of management after conducting a number of experiments in the field of management. 

Father of scientific management.

ANSWER:

Father of scientific management- F.W. Taylor

Explanation-

F W Taylor is regarded as the “father of scientific management” because the principles formed by him were based on scientific experiments. He had a scientific approach towards management.


The principle of management which says unity is strength.

ANSWER:

The principle of management which says unity is strength: Espirit de corps

Explanation-

The principle of Espirit de corps focuses on the importance of unity among employees. The concept recommends that employees should work in unity with one another. In other words, team spirit should be promoted by managers and each employee should feel a sense of belonging in the organisation.

The principle of management that says the work should be divided into parts.

ANSWER:

The principle of management that says the work should be divided into many parts: Division of work

Explanation-

As per the principle of division of work, a given work should be divided into many parts. It means that every task should be divided into small groups or units so that it can be performed in a competent manner. The principle focuses on work specialisation.

The principle of management explaining the importance of fair payment to workers.

ANSWER:

The principle of management explaining the importance of fair payment to workers: Principle of Remuneration

Explanation-

The principle of remuneration to employees states that compensation given to employees should be fair in the eyes of the employees as well the management. This implies that each person in the organisation should be given fair wage and salary; this will help him/her maintain a decent standard of living.

The principle of scientific management which explains the use of scientific methods to determine the activity performed by the employee.

ANSWER:

The principle of scientific management which explains the use scientific method to determine the activity performed by the employee: Development of Science for each part of men’s job

Explanation-

The principle explains that instead of rule-of-thumb methods, scientific practices should be followed. Under the rule of thumb, a manager uses the trial-and-error method to find solutions to problems. Taylor suggested that a rigorous study of traditional methods should be undertaken and the best method/solution should be adopted by all managers.

The principles of scientific management which talks about the change in the attitude of the employees.

ANSWER:

The principle of scientific management which talks about the change in the attitude of the employees: Mental revolution

Explanation-

Mental revolution focuses on changing the attitude of workers and managers. According to this concept, workers and their managers should reform their thinking and each should realise the importance of the other while working towards the accomplishment of common organisational goals.

The statements of fundamental truth of management.

ANSWER:

The statements of fundamental truths of management: Management principles

Explanation-

Management principles are the basic truths that govern managerial behavior. They help managers in taking managerial decisions and guide them in taking the future course of actions.

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