Q. 1. (A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: [11 Marks]

(1) What is the passage about?

Ans. The passage is about Reuben Earle’s determination to collect the five dollars he required to buy a gift.

(2) What did Reuben ask the shopkeeper? What was the shopkeeper’s reply?

Ans. Reuben requested the shopkeeper to kindly hold the gift for him. The Shopkeeper told him that he would try to hold it as the people who lived around there didn’t have that kind of money to spend on such things.

(3) Why could not Reuben ask his father five dollars?

Ans. Reuben’s father was a poor fisherman and everything he earned was used to feed and clothe his five children. Therefore, Reuben could not ask his father for five dollars.

(4) How do you express your love and respect for your parents?

Ans. I show my love and respect to my parents by obeying them from the bottom of my heart. On their birthdays I will buy valuable gifts for them with utmost love.  

(5) (i) Opening the shops weathered door, he went inside.
(ii) I must try or I ought to try.
(iii) Where did people build their own homes?

Q. 6. Give the opposite words of :
1. Respectfully x disrespectfully.
2. Usually x unusually

Q. 1. B. Grammar.

1. Madhu is a model and an artist.
2. Meet me at 10.30 am on Monday.
3. Teacher asked Rupali how far her home was from her college. Rupali respectfully replied that it was more than 2 kms.

Q. 2. A. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.

(1) What features of ‘Adarsh Gaon’ are given to this extract?

Ans. The measures made to preserving natural resources, preventing people from addiction and looking after public hearth are the main features of ‘Adarsh Gaon’ Which are mentioned in this extract.

(2) What is the procedure for selecting ‘Adarsh Gaon’?

Ans. Villages are expected to give a proposal, after which a committee headed by Mr. Pawar would inspect the villages.

(3) What is the greatest victory for Hiware Bazar?

Ans. The greatest victory for Hiware Bazar is the reverse migration. Villagers who had migrated to Pune and Mumbai as early as 1989 returned to their villages.

(4) Do you think all villages in Maharashtra should follow the ideals of Hiware Bazar? Why?

Ans. Conserving natural resources is our duty. So, I think not only me but also everyone of us support the villages which are changing towards the goodness of nature. All villages in Maharashtra should follow the ideals of Hiware Bazar. The progress made in terms of water management, preservation of natural resources and other social reforms regarding, alcohol, tobacco and birth control are remarkable and an appreciated one.

5. (1) Inspection of the villages was done by Mr. Pawar. OR
Mr. Pawar did the inspection of the villages.

(2) The villagers have made vasectomy compulsory.

(3) There are neither liquor or tobacco shops in the village.

6. (1) causing a great change - revolutionary
(2) the quality of being average - mediocrity

Q. 2. (B) Note - Making: [4 marks]

Read the following extract and complete the table given below about ‘Types of Diseases’.

Title :Types of Diseases
Sr. No.
develop during pregnancy

Environmental factors
Down’s Syndrome, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, etc.
Self - Inflicted Acquired
by humans themselves
Coronary heart disease, hypertension
Communicable infections
by biological agents
Cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria, etc.
Non - Communicable diseases
Exogenous factors like physical, chemical, nutritional deficiencies
Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, Rickets

Q. 3. A. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: [11 marks]

(1) What does the author tell us about the importance of reading English?

Ans. We should not read English as our duty but we should read is for our pleasure. Reading English is important as it not only provides a pleasure but also helps to enrich one’s vocabulary. It makes one more knowledgeable and develops one’s confidence.

(2) What different steps are suggested to improve reading?

Ans. The author suggests that one should choose books that are not difficult, secondly the books should be interesting, where vocabulary is easily understood and one does not need to refer to a dictionary too often. As we read we will become more and more familiar with words and sentence patterns we already know. The reader should be able to guess the meanings of words from the context. Finally one should read more and more books extensively.

(3) What do some people say about learning to improve reading?

Ans. Some people say that we cannot learn to speak a language better with the help of a book. They believe that the spoken language and written language are quite different.

(4) What will you do to improve your English?

Ans. I won’t remain afraid to make mistakes. Be confident. People can only correct your mistakes when they hear you make them.
Surround yourself in English. Put yourself in an all English speaking environment where you can learn passively. The best way to learn is through speaking. Practise every day. Make yourself a study plan. Decide how much time a week you are going to spend studying and stick to it. Establish a routine.
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:

(1) Reading a lot is essential.

(2) Some people say that we are unable to speak a language better with the help of a book.

(3) Isn’t it extensive?

(6) You should not have to be constantly looking up new words in the dictionary, for that deadens interest and checks real learning.

The underlined word here means:

(1) develops (2) deprives of (3) creates

Ans. Deprives of

Q. 3. B. Summary.

Ans. Reading is pleasure.

Reading, is not a duty but it is a pleasure. We should cultivate the habit of reading. It is essential to read a lot, but what is important is to go beyond the textbooks and to read for pleasure. You must enjoy the books you read, hence it is best to avoid difficult and uninteresting book. Books must be easy to read, the vocabulary also must be easy to understand so that, you don’t  need to refer to a dictionary too often. The meanings of words should be evident from the context. It is recommended that you should read extensively in order to improve your English language skills, as the spoken language is not very different from the written language.

Section B. (Poetry)

Q. 4. A. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below. [4 Marks]

(1) Give a list of objects of luxury as given in the extract.

Ans. The refrigerator, colourful umbrellas and swimming pool.

(2) What is your idea about a luxurious life?

Ans. For me, luxury would be living in a home year-round that felt like a vacation home: beautiful view, unplugging from technology, easy access to recreation, spending time with my family, or not, as the day's hours seem blissfully long. Plus a nearby ice cream parlor.

3. Give an example of ‘Paradox’ from the extract.

Ans. ‘I celebrate the virtues and the vices’.

4. The poem does not follow any fix verse pattern (rhyme scheme). What type of poem is it?

Ans. It is free verse or blank verse.

Q. 4. B. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: [4]

(1) What doe the poet miss?

Ans. The poet misses walking down the snow sprinkled trail, catching a glimpse of a bobcat playing tricks and above all a pleasant walk in a forest of pine.

(2) What according to you, are the causes of degradation of our ecosystem?

Ans. Ecological effect or degradation is created by the consolidation of an effectively substantial and expanding human populace, constantly expanding monetary development or per capita fortune and the application of asset exhausting and polluting technology. It occurs when earth’s natural resources are depleted and environment is compromised in the form of extinction of species, pollution in air, water and soil, and rapid growth in population.

3. ‘We used to walk down the snow sprinkled trail’.
Name and explain the figure of speech from the above line.

Ans. Alliteration: the sound of ‘s’ is repeated for musical effect.

4. What kind of feelings are aroused after reading the extract?

Ans. One feels nostalgic, missing the good old days, feelings of sadness and frustration are also prevalent due to the degradation of the ecosystem.

Q. 5. A. Composition: Read the following extract and rewrite it as if Daisy is the narrator:

(You may begin with : I grew on the bank of a ditch ......”)

Ans. I grew up on the bank of a ditch, in a beautiful flower garden. I thrived and blossomed there as the sun shone brightly and warmly over all of us flowers in that garden.  The children were at school, sitting in their classrooms, learning their lessons but I was free, sitting on my thin green stalk, learning lessons of nature. It made me realize how know God is and rejoiced in the sweet melody rendered by the lark. Instead I felt I was blessed with wealth in abundance as I could see and hear the bird and could feel the warmth of the sun and the love of the forest. One fine morning I bloomed, my now white petals stood around my yellow centre, like the rays of the sun. I was a poor despised flower, nobody noticed me, but that didn’t bother me, I was happy.

Q. 5. B. Ans.

Rosalind: O excellent young man. I am indeed delighted.

Duke: No more, no more, stop it!

Orlando: Please sir, I have just begun, let me go on.

Duke: Charles, Charles, how are you?

Nobleman: Sir, he cannot speak.

Duke: Take him away. What is your name, young man?

Orlando: Orlando, sir, the youngest son of Sir Rowland de Boys.

Duke: (annoyed) Your father was my enemy, your bravery would have pleased me more if you had another father.

Orlando: I am proud to be my father’s son and I would not change my place to be the heir of the dukedom.

The Duke left.

Celia: (angry and humiliated) Rosalind, do you think I would have behaved in the same way.

Rosalind: Celia, my father loved Sir Rowland very much and all the world agreed with him. If I had known, that this young man was Sir Rowland’s son, I would have begged him not to take such a great risk.

Q. 5. B. Extend the given extract by adding an imaginary paragraph of your own. [about 120 words]
[4 marks]
Ans. I kept looking at all my fellow students, the girls in particular, trying to look sfor that little girl with the sweet voice. After hearing the faint, soft voice saying ‘I’ll see you tomorrow’, filled with delight and hope. Ture in her words, the very next evening she came, this time with pear and a loaf of bread. I began to be hope and pray that one day, when we were at peace I would meet her. I somehow knew she would return and also felt certain that she’d bring me something to eat. I began to daydream and soon saw myself as a young man in a college in Europe.
I was filled with joy and couldin’t thank her enough.

Q. 6. A. Letter Writing: Write any One of the following letters: [4 Marks]

(1) Mr. Manoj S. Patil, age 26. M. Tech. Electrical From ‘Manas’, On Colony, Vidyavihar, Nagpur wants to apply in response to the following advertisement. Prepare a job application.

Manager, Well Qualified,
Experience in Administration,
Apply to:
The Director,
Shriram Industries Ltd., Akola

Om Colony,
5 th March, 2018

The Director,
Shiriram Industries Ltd,

Subject: Application letter for the post of Administration Manager.
Reference: Your Advertisement in the TOI dated 4th March, 2018.

Respected Sir,

With reference to your advertisement for the post of Administration Manager,  in “The Times of India” dated 4th March, 2018  I wish to apply for the same.

I am a very energetic person with excellent communication skill in English and ready to face any target set by your esteemed company. I am willing to work hard and being young I am also eager to add knowledge with experience. I hold M. Tech, electrical degree from “University of Pune” and a Diploma in Electrical and Electronics from “Indira Gandhi Open University”, New Delhi. I have also done computer courses like Basic, Tally – 9 as well as programming languages like C, C++ from NIIT, Matunga. I have 1 year experience as an assistant accountant at Patel and Sons Pvt. Ltd. Pune.

My resume is sent herewith, for your reference. I shall be much thankful to you, if you grant me an interview call at your convenient time. I am looking forward to join your esteemed company as early as possible.  

Thanking You,
                                                                                                      Yours Faithfully,
                                                                                                         Manoj S. Patil


Q. 6. (A) (2) You intend to make a general awareness among people the hazardous effects of plastic carry - bags.

Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper highlighting the improper disposal of Plastic carry bags also suggest some solutions to solve this problem.

7G, Sonia Appartment,
Rainbow colony,
                           M.G.Road, Dharavi,
Mumbai:- 400 016.
7th March, 2018.

The Editor,
The Times of India,
Dadar (W),
Mumbai – 400 021.

Subject: Improper disposal of plastic carry - bags.

Dear Sir,
The way we live reflects our decisions, choices we make and our responsibilities as individuals and societies. While we all aspire for a modern and sophisticated lifestyle, we cannot deny that the way we have been living is
obviously not sustainable.

One of the most visible symbols of our throw-away society and unsustainable lifestyles is the abusive use and improper disposal of plastic carry bags, which have emerged as a major environmental issue in many countries, including obviously in India.

Though very convenient and practical for use in view of their strength, durability, lightness, excellent barrier properties for water and gases and low cost, plastic carry bags cause much damage to our environment and may take between 400 and 1000 years to break down in the environment.

Kindly, make this letter public so more and more people will become aware of the ‘nuisance’ value of plastic.
Thanking you,
Yours faithfully,
X y z.

Q. 6. (B) Write on any One of the following items:

(1) Prepare a short tourist leaflet on any hill - station you have visited with the help of the points given below:
(i) How to reach there?
(ii) Accommodation.
(iii) Woth - seeing places.
(iv) Specialities.
(v) Add your own point.



Introduction: Ooty is the queen of Hill with beautiful lakes, rivers, scenery, etc. It is situated in the heart of Tamil Nadu.

i.                     How to go there: Ooty is well connected with rest of India. One can go to Ooty by the way of Plane, Bus or Train:

     Plane: Daily two flights namely IA – 550 and IA – 330 from Mumbai to Ooty are available.

Bus: The State Transport Bus Services and many other private Bus Services are available from Mumbai to Ooty.

     Train: There are many trains available which can take you to Ooty. The most convenient is “Mumbai – Ooty Express”

ii.                    Where to Stay:     Accommodation is no problem in Ooty. The Government tourist Hotels and other Big and  Small hotels are available to suit everyone's budget.

iii.                  When to Visit:      June to October is the best time of the year to visit Ooty.

iv.                  What to See:        The climate and scenery of Ooty is mind – blowing. It is a well planned hill station  with huge roads, parks, theatres, and gardens, there are many interesting places to see like Bull Temple, Lord Ganesh Temple, Dolphin Nose, Flower Garden,  Lord Murugan Temple, Palatial Buildings, etc,.

v.                   Shopping:             Shopping in Ooty is fun. One can buy very traditional and well as modern things from Ooty. Ooty is very famous for woollen clothes.  
vi.                  Anything Special As far as food is concerned Ooty is famous for Black tea, Idli, Vada, Sambar, Masala dosa, Idli fry, Prawns fry, Mugal Briyani, etc. The people are very culture oriented and highly intelligent. They give more importance to their education.


Q. 6. B. (2) Write a Report about the celebration of the ‘Republic Day’ in your college.

Report on Republic Day Celebration.

India won her freedom on the 15th of August, 1947 and became a Republic on the 25th of January, 1950. The new constitution of free India came into force with effect from this day.

It is a day of national rejoicing and a red letter day in our country. The day is celebrated with pomp and show, zeal and spirit, throughout the length and breadth of the country.

The day was celebrated in our school with great eclat. The school building was tastefully decorated with flower-pots, buntings, pictures of heroes of the freedom movement and national flags. We were beside ourselves with joy. A dais was raised. Loud speakers were fitted.

We reached the school at 9AM We were all in Khaki uniforms and Gandhi caps. The programme began at 9-15 A.M. The worthy Headmaster unfurled the national flag amidst loud cheers. The N.C.C. cadets saluted the 'National Flag.'

Some selected boys sang the National Anthem. Then there were some very inspiring national songs sung in chorus. These were followed by stirring speeches by the students, teachers and some prominent citizens.

We were told that the country had won political freedom but it was yet to win economic freedom. For it we had all to toil and make every sacrifice that was demanded of us. The President made a neat, little speech which was very impressive.

Then the boys staged a one act play which was very much liked by one and all. The senior boys performed a Bhangra dance. It was the highlight of the programme.

In the afternoon we had games and sports. Prizes were distributed among the winners of different sports and games. Sweets were distributed among the boys.

At night, the whole school building was illuminated. Tricolours fluttered proudly on the school building. It was a sight to see.

It fact, it is a day of rejoicing and merry-making. May we continue celebrating this day forever!

Q. 6. C. (1) Answer any One of the following:

(1) Read the following tree diagram and prepare a short paragraph regarding ‘Soil erosion’

Ans. Soil Erosion: There are various reasons for soil erosion. The natural causes are air, water and fire, but, what is worse is that soil erosion can be due to manmade factors, like excessive cultivation. All these factors that bring about soil erosion, results in floods and barren lands. This isn’t good for the environment so dams are built and contour farming is undertaken to prevent further soil erosion.

Q. 6. C. (2) Prepare a paragraph to be used for counter view - section of the following topics

“There should be dress - code for Junior College Students”  

Ans. Dress code for the college students absolutely unnecessary.
Discipline can be enforced by various other means rather than a dress code. I support that dress code should't be their. Because now think from the perspective of a student. We wear dress in school life about to 12-15 years. After that we are again wearing dress in college life. After that we have to also further wear the dress in companies or organisations. Then when will the time come when we wear our own dresses other than college dress. I think that's the good time to wear them. Also a person is known for its intelligence not from dress code so no matter what am i wearing but it matters that i have manners I have respect for others.

Q. 7. (A) Election of your village ‘Gram Panchayat’ is just over. You have to take an interview of the newly elected ‘Sarpanch’. Frame at least 8 questions related with his future planning for the welfare of your village.

Ans. (i) Sir, congratulations on your election as sarpanch of our village. How did you manage to succeed in spite of the stiff opposition?

(ii) Have you always been interested in the politics of this village?

(iii) You have term of 5 years. What is the most important project you have in mind?

(iv) Are you going to give education of the girl child priority?

(v) What other things do you plan to do in the village?

(vi) The village needs a school and a hospital, will you influence the authorities to provide the funds for a school and a hospital.

(vii) Many unwanted incidents had occured in past few months. Do you have any investigation plans to improve the law and order situation in this village?

(viii) Many complain of severe alcoholism in this village. What do you intend to do to deter men especially form the evils of alcohol?

Q. 7. (B) You are the captain of your college cricket team. You have your final match on Sunday. Your teammates are nervous. Prepare a speech motivating them to face the challenge courageously.

Ans. Dear friends and fellow teammates, we have our final match on Sunday and you have been practicing a lot. If all the players stay together then nobody can stop the our team. I am sure you will do your best to play a good match. There is no need to be nervous, remember, participation and playing a game is more important than winning.

Each one of us has worked hard, arriving for practice early in the morning, doing your workouts, sacrificing your private lives and entertainment time for cricket. Having done all this I am sure you will come to the match feeling optimistic and ready to take on the opposing them. Be positive, Be cheerful, Be united and victory will be ours!

No comments: